Healthy Food

Thai Savoury Rice Salad Mineral Rich with Budu Dressing


Khao Yum, a unique dish from Thailand’s southern region, was a royal dish born in the reign of the Kingdom of Phraya Nakhon during the fasting month. Following the yearly period of abstinence, many palace residents suffered from stomach aches and diarrhea when they broke the fast. When Phraya Nakhon heard about it, he ordered the palace doctor to come up with a solution and after 2 days, the doctor suggested a dish comprised of rice, finely chopped vegetables and savoury elements. From then on, everyone fasted together and ate the recipe that the doctor had invented, which came to be known as “Khao Yum”. It proved a successful cure but also pleased the palates of the palace dwellers and people continued to enjoy it, even at time when they weren’t fasting.

Khao Yum can be found from Prachuap Khiri Khan, down to Chumphon, Yala and Narathiwat, and all the way into various states of Malaysia around the Malay Peninsula as well as the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java. In the Malay tongue, it is known as is Nasi Kerabu, ‘Nasi’ meaning rice and ‘Kerabu’ being the equivalent to ‘yum’ in Thai.

Health Benefits

‘Thai Savoury Rice Salad Mineral Rich with Budu Dressing’, or savory rice salad, is a unique southern dish made from krill or shrimp paste. According to the original Khao Yam recipe, both black and yellow rice should be used, colored by young pandanus leaves and turmeric. The dish is eaten with fish and covered with “Budu” sauce, a local delicacy made from salted fish.

  • ‘Budu sauce’ contains protein and minerals, calcium, phosphorus, and iron for bone maintenance.
  • ‘Lemongrass’ enhances immunity.*
  • ‘Carrots’ have immune-modulating and antioxidant effects.**
  • ‘Tamarind’ contains antioxidants that help strengthen the immune system.***
  • ‘Shallots’ help prevent allergies, and are anti-inflammatory, as well as protecting against bacteria and viruses.****
  • ‘Betel leaf’ helps to stimulate blood circulation and inhibit the growth of bacteria.****
  • ‘Kaffir lime leaves’ have antioxidant effect.*******
  • ‘Chili’ helps relieve cold symptoms, reduce mucus and phlegm.*******
  • ‘Winged Bean’ helps strengthen teeth, good for bone maintenance.


  • steamed jasmine rice 50 gr
  • brown or riceberry rice 50 gr
  • turmeric rice 50 gr
  • dried shrimp 10 gr
  • lemongrass 5 gr
  • yardlong bean 10 gr
  • carrot 20 gr
  • betel leaf 2 gr
  • kaffir lime leaf 1 gr
  • red chili 2 gr
  • southern Thai style budu fermented fish sauce dressing 50 gr
  • tamarind juice 20 gr
  • palm sugar 30 gr
  • shallot 10 gr
  • lime juice 10 gr
  • winged bean 40 gr


Chop the herbs used in the menu.

Mix the “Boo Doo” sauce and flavour with tamarind juice and palm sugar.

Serve with three kinds of rice and accompanying vegetables.

* Russo M, Spagnuolo C, Tedesco, The flavonoid quercetin in disease prevention and therapy: facts and fancies. Biochem Pharmacol. 2012;83(1):6-15.
** Khaerunnisa S, et al. Potential Inhibitor of COVID-19 Main Protease (Mpro) from Several Medicinal Plant
Compounds by Molecular Docking Study. Preprints 2020
*** Kawata A, et al. Anti-inflammatory Activity of β-Carotene, Lycopene and Tri-n-butylborane, a Scavenger of Reactive Oxygen Species. In Vivo. 2018; 32(2): 255–64
**** Maurizio R and Cristiana V, Establishing the tolerability and performance of tamarind seed polysaccharide (TSP) in treating dry eye syndrome: results of a clinical study, , 29 March 2007
***** Russo M, Spagnuolo C, Tedesco, The flavonoid quercetin in disease prevention and therapy: facts and fancies. Biochem Pharmacol. 2012;83(1):6-15.
****** Kan Wongsariya, Mallika Chomnawang, Wild betel and hidden benefits, herbal information brochure Faculty of Pharmacy Mahidol University Year 26, Issue 3, April 2009. Pages 3-10.
Gruenwald J, Brendler T, et al(eds.) PDF for herbal medicines(2 nd Edition) New Jersey: Medical Economic Company, 2000: 858pp.
******* Chaniphan Butyi. Biological study of the availability and antioxidant properties of flavonoids from kaffir lime leaves in vitro and their potential to prevent chromosomal ruptures in mice by chromosome rupture in mice. Micronucleus examination in red blood cells [Ph.D. thesis]. Bangkok. Mahidol University; 2008.
********Vonne D., Ofelia G., Guillermo O., José P., & Tzayhrí G. (2014). Determination of Capsaicin, Ascorbic Acid, Total Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Capsicum annuum L. var. serrano by Mid Infrared Spectroscopy (Mid-FTIR) and Chemometric Analysis. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, 57(1): 133-142.